Leading Museums, Museum Leaders

Chinese philanthropy goes to uni

Hoyts’ Wang Jianlin is this year’s top education donor in China. Photo: AP.

Kirsty Needham, Universities the biggest winners from China’s, Sydney Morning Herald, 8 June 2017

Beijing: China’s billionaires have been so busy making money that they haven’t had time to spend it – and universities are winning from a resulting boom in charity.

China’s 2017 top 100 philanthropist list shows the trend for the country’s wealthiest property developers, finance and technology tycoons to make big charitable donations is gathering pace.

Almost half (44 per cent) of donations in 2017 were made to universities, up from a third (27 per cent) three years ago, according to the Hurun Philanthropy List 2017.

China’s richest man, Alibaba founder Jack Ma, ranked 18th on the list, for his $26 million donation to the University of Newcastle in Australia.

Chen Yidan, co-founder of the Chinese social media platform WeChat, ranked as the top education donor with $US320 million ($424 million), after establishing the world’s richest educational grant, the $US8million Yidan Prize.

China’s second-richest man, Wang Jianlin, whose company Dalian Wanda owns the Hoyts cinema chain in Australia, donated $US92 million to rank sixth.

Hurun Report founder Rupert Hoogenwerf said: “There has been so much wealth created in China in the last decade, it is the fastest creation of wealth in the history of the world. Now people are looking at how to use it.”

“There was a huge boom in interest in people buying property overseas, particularly Australia, and Sydney Harbour. Now they are looking to do a lot of legacy building,” he said.

He said China’s billionaires, often from modest backgrounds, felt they could make a difference to society through education, whereas donations to medicine or the environment had greater difficulty in showing results or risked being caught in government red tape.

“Universities are very prestigious. On Wednesday we had the ‘Gao kao’, the Chinese university entrance exam, and across the country, that is all anyone was talking about. The Chinese central examination system is very much associated with social mobility,” he said.

“In China, to be allowed to have a building at a university named after you is a huge honour. If you are a top alumni from Peking University orTsinghua University, and your gift is accepted to do something amazing, that gives you a platform deep into the roots of the top leadership.”

He said most of the education philanthropists donated to their own alma mater, although a new trend of making donations to specific university research fields, such as neuroscience, was beginning to emerge.

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Council of Australasian Museum Directors, c/o Ms Daryl Karp, Museum of Australian Democracy at Old Parliament House PO Box 3934 Manuka, Australian Capital Territory 2603 Australia, © CAMD 2020
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